HISTORICAL ROOTS AND PRESENT ACTIVITY
Samarkand State University plays great role in recognizing as a centre of science and culture for all over the world. Nowadays SamSU is one of the oldest and largest higher educational establishments, though it was officially inaugurated as the University beginning of the 20th century but it's roots go back down to the period of Ulughbek. Samarkand Stale University begins from the period of Ulughbek (14-I5th centuries).
Temurids who were the representatives of science, spirit and culture based on for development of science and education in Mavaraunnahr region, especially, in Samarkand city.
At numerous madrassahs which were built by Sahibkhiran Amir Temur, his children and grandchildren were taught both religious and natural subjects. They were real contras of science and education. The names of Abu Ali Ibn Sino, Al-Khorazmiy, Zamakhshariy, Makhmud Kashgariy, Alisher Navoi, were well-known for development of science. A.Temur's favourite grandson Mukhammad Taragay Ulughbek established his scientific school and it's glory is recognized throughout the scientific world up today.
Ulughbek established the first real Academy of Sciences including the Ulughbek madrassai-aliya and the famous observatory. Popular scientists as Abdurakhmon Jami, Ali Kushchi, Mavlono Nafis Samarkandiy, Badakhshiy started their activity in “Alma-mater”. Later on they taught students there. The representatives of Mirzo Ulughbek's astronomic school Giyosiddin Koshiy, Jamshid ibn Masud, Kozi-zoda Rumi, Ali Kushchi, Mukhammad Khavofiy, taught natural sciences as geography, mathematics, astronomy and others. Most part of Timurids educational traditions were existing the end of XIX century.
The Tashkent National University was organized in 1918. The country felt necessity in personnels of different spheres January 3, 1927. The government issued special degree to establish High Pedagogical Institution in Samarkand. At fust there were the departments of social-political sciences, physics, techniques, natural sciences and politology. Though the official date of formation of Samarkand State University named after Alisher Navoi is 1927, but is reality it's roots go back to the epoch of Mirzo Ulughbek. The evident demonstration of this is the monography of the well-known scientist Boturkhan Valikhodjaev “The madressay Samarkand State University is approved to be the immediate successor of “Madrassai Oliya”, of Mirzo Ulughbek which was founded in 1420. This scientific conclusion makes us sure, that Samarkand State University is one the ancient institutional of Higher Education, not only in Central Asia, but it whole Eurasian continent.
In 1930 the University was turned into Uzbek Pedagogical Academy named after Актаl Ikromov and since 1933 it had been called the Uzbek State University. In 1941 when the 500th anniversary of the famous uzbek poet and thinker Alisher Navoi was celebrated the university was titled after his name. Well-known national enlighteners Abdurauf Fitrat, Gazi Olim Yusupov, Saidrasul Azizi joined M.Abdukasimov. V.Abdullaev, I.Muminov, M.Sobirov, U.Tursunov, R.Iskandarov, A.Yakubov. J.Kabulov and others were educated at this institution.
Our educational Institution during it's activity prepared more than 100 thousand highly qualified specialists: Ibragim Muminov, Sulton Umarov, Muso Muminov, Akbar Adkhamov, Ubay Oripov, Yakhya Gulomov, Alauddin Bagaddinov, Vohid Abdullaev, Toshpolat Shirinkulov, Botirkhon Valikhodjaev, Tolib Muminov, Mukhsin Ashurov, Said Shermukhammedov, Shavkat Vokhidov and famous writers and poets as Hamid Olimjon, Usmon Nosir, Sharof Rashidov, Askad Mukhtor, Borot Boykobilov, Dushan Fayziy and many others.
Many famous writers, poets, scientist, statesmen and political figures graduated from this University.
During these years some faculties were separatedfrom this University and became independent higher educational Institutions, such as, Samarkand Institute of agriculture, medical, cooperative, pedagogical institute and Institute of foreign languages. Today's development of our High Education Institution and it's history is connected with the names of N.Merkulovich, K.AbduIlaev. A.Valiev, Kh.Fayzullaev, M.Muminov, R.Olimjonov, K.Zakirov, A.Tolaganov, E.Turakulov, A.Atakhodjaev, Sh.Alimov, M.Jurakulov, T.Muminov, J.Sattarov, R. Kholmuradov, T.Shirinov who were the rectors of Samarkand State University in different years.
August, 31 of 1991, when Uzbekistan proclaimed it's independence, remained as an unforgettable day. On that day dream of our people, the sorrow of thousands who gave their life for independence came true.
From the first day of independence, there began drastic changes in the life of the nation. These historic changes entrusted Samarkand State University with responsibility and quite new tasks. During the last ten years of independence SamSU's educational scientific and spiritual activities renewed essentially.
There are nine faculties, which train professional specialists, improve their professional skills. There is also an Academic Lyceum, Business schools and other institutions and scientific research laboratories, modern computer classrooms and museums.
There are more than 10 thousand students, who study at the bachelor and master's degree courses. The training languages are Uzbek, Tajik and Russian. More than 900 professors form the academic staff of the University. The are more than 9700 students taught at Bachelor's (31) and Master’s (64) programs at the University.